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Panoramas / Churches and belfries

Unitarian Fortified Church

Aita Mare

The fortified Unitarian church in Aita Mare/Nagyajta is regarded as a most valuable monument. A bell-tower was attached to the western frontispiece of the east-west oriented medieval church located on the southern edge of the settlement. Despite of the many changes undergone, the church is still preserving its gothic shape ever since the 15th century. The multi-angled shrine was covered with net vaulting – with its ribs relying on fairly slim corbels. The entire length of the nave was also net-vaulted – it is only that the ribs were not preserved.

The cloverleaf-embellished door that was revealed on the northern wall of the sacristy was allegedly built in late gothic style. Although the gates were modified, the five gothic windows were preserved as such. The late renaissance pulpit adorned with flower motifs was carved in 1710 at the expense of György Donáth. The coffers of the benches and the choir were painted by Béla Sütő, popular artist.

The church was surrounded with a five-meter high, slightly quarrel-shaped ashlar wall, fortified with two Italian bastions on its south-eastern and north-western corners, as well as a northward gorge. The system of bastions itself seems to have preserved the features of the late 16th (maybe early 17th) century. All of the three bastions were provided with flat arrow-slits. The latter, as well as the chambers to pour the hot pitch from, were there to facilitate the protection of the fortress. The toothed battlements crowning the top came along from the renaissance era.

The restored north-western bastion is now hosting periodic fine arts exhibitions.




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